No Single Ideology is Best for All Man
Throughout this course we have look at many writers who state their claim as to which political ideology is correct to best administer a population. We’ve looked at Locke who argues that people are equal and wants a democratic system of government. By contrast there’s Burke who contends that people are unequal and wants a divine monarchy. Beyond these examples we’ve looked at many political theorists, each making a logical case for their ideology and often contradicting what others says. To me this must mean that none of these authors are entirely right. Political theory is more a matter of matching the right ideology to a people and situation than one person having the right answer.
Evidence for this theory comes from the fact that there are hundreds of nations using scores of different political ideologies. While some of these countries obviously operate with corrupt or inept governments, there is great diversity among successful nations as well. The United States, for example, is a Lockeian republic and has had obvious success. The ideals of inalienable property rights along with free speech and a mostly free economy have created largely unprecedented standards for wealth. By contrast China is quickly emerging as an economic powerhouse and approaching superpower status in the world community. This despite their government’s authoritarian approach and denying their citizens many of the same civil rights that are paramount to the success of America. However, despite having a closed, non-transparent centralized government, China made necessary economic policy changes that were necessary to the well being of their country. Not tying themselves down to a specific doctrine and ideology allowed China to make the best decision for their country and turn it from a largely agrarian society to a booming industrial economy.
The United States and China are only two of many examples of the need for differing political ideologies for different peoples. What Marx says about capitalists has some truth, as does Hobbes’ idea of the sovereign and Macchiavelli’s concept that the ends always justify the means. The key for politics therefore, is not finding the correct ideology, but applying the right ideas to the right situations.