Communism Leads to Dystopia
“Communism: A theory or system of social organization based on the holding of all property in common, actual ownership being ascribed to the community as a whole or to the state.” –http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/communism
According to Karl Marx, the struggle between the upper class (bourgeoisie) and the lower class (proletariats) has always been a constant conflict throughout history. The bourgeoisie controlled all of the means of production and continuously oppressed the proletariats. This was completely unfair because the proletariats were the ones to perform hard labor and yet the bourgeoisie gained all of the benefits. Marx believed that in order to end this so-called “class struggle,” class distinctions would need to be eliminated. In order for everybody in sociey to be considered equal, there could be no private ownership of materials. If this were allowed, then some people would have more things than other people which would create another class and thus another conflict. Therefore, an equalized society would eliminate all conflict.
The problem with this idea is that there is no way that class distinctions or conflicts can be eliminated. Everybody has different opinions and different views, and somebody somehow (even if everybody has the same material possessions) will be jealous of another person for whatever reason and that will create another conflict. I recently watched the movie Equilibrium starring Christian Bale which was first released in 2002. The movie is about a futuristic, dystopian, society governed by the Tetragrammaton Council, a totalitarian state. WWIII occurred and completely ruined the earth. The Council decided that the conflicts that led to WWIII first arose because of human emotion. In order for there to not be any world wars and thus no conflicts, the Council decided to eradicate all human emotion by taking a pill called prozium. However, there were people in the rest of the society known as “sense offenders” who refused to take the pills because they wanted to experience human emotions. As a result, the Council sends the Grammaton Clerics (kind of like the police force) to hunt down the “sense offenders” for “punishment” which is death. Here is the trailer for the movie.
This plotline reminds me a lot of communism. According to Marx, the intentions of communism are good. I agree with that in a way because it sounds like a utopia where everyone is equal and everybody helps each other. However, this is not the case in reality. Marx said that the main problem causing conflict in society is “class struggle” so communism would eliminate that. But, class distinctions would still be present even in a communist society. There would be a totalitarian government controlling every aspect of everyone’s lives and everybody else would be poor and oppressed to even larger extremes. In Equilibrium, the original intention to eliminate human emotions was good because then there would be no conflict and no wars. However, this came at a huge price. The government was tyrannical and they burned people alive simply for wanting to feel. This is what it would be like to live in a communist society. People who work for the government would hunt you down for seemingly trivial things if they felt that you were a threat to the way of life in that society. Thus, communism would never be associated with a utopia, it always leads to a dystopia.